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Model of the king’s estate around 1300

Bergenhus

12.06.2018

Domkirken

Domkirken

12.06.2018

Fantoft stave church

Fantoft Stave Church

12.06.2018

Korskirken

Korskirken

12.06.2018

The church at Kyrkjebyrkjeland was pulled down in 1878.

Kyrkjebyrkjeland

12.06.2018

The interior of Mariakirken, Bergen

Mariakirken

12.06.2018

Apart from the king’s estate at Holmen, Håkonshallen and the lower floors of the Rosenkrantz tower, the three parish churches in the centre of Bergen are what have been preserved from medieval Bergen: Mariakirken, Korskirken and Olavskirken (the cathedral). The Romanesque base of the tower from Nonneseter monastery church on the spit between the two Lundegård lakes can still be seen in the landscape, while the other medieval buildings now lie in ruins: the town’s oldest town hall and wine cellar at Nikolaikirkealmenning, Lavranskirken and Maria Gildeskåle between Mariakirken and Bryggens Museum and the Katarina hospital on the north side of Dreggsalmenningen.

Section of Scholeus’ engraving, from approx. 1580

The Rosenkrantz tower

12.06.2018

In the Scholeus engraving (section on the right) from the 1850s the fortified king’s estate at the entrance to Vågen has become a modern Renaissance palace – Bergenhus palace. The church edifices have disappeared. The picture is now dominated by the tower “the small castle by the sea”, which had recently gone through a considerable enlargement.

Fana church, Bergen

Fana church

22.10.2019

In the Middle Ages the stone church in Fana was a place for pilgrimage, containing a miraculous silver crucifix that could heal the sick. A hill to the west of the church is still called Krykkjehaugen (the crutch hill); according to belief this is where the sick threw away their crutches. Perhaps this church, lying where it does at the old half county boundary , also held a special position in relation to the district churches in the county.