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The cultural landscape or that part of it which is still green and inviting to the eye has been shaped by the farmers’ toil down through the generations. At one time almost all of us were farmers. We see that the crofting system faded away as emigration to the towns and to America relieved the pressure.
Marine activities expanded greatly throughout the 19th century, and provided a livelihood for many people. Fishing and shipping were probably the subsidiary activities which had greatest economic significance throughout the century. Marine activities brought, literally speaking, wind into the sails of many rural districts in Hordaland during that period.
The year 1849 was the breakthrough year for the National Romantic movement in Norway. It was in that year that Ole Bull, the renowned fiddler brought the Millerboy from Telemark to the concert hall in the capital.
The little white painted school house, the village school, often set between knolls and little woods in the outer fields, placed as centrally as possible between the farms that made up the school district, is the key symbol of the education society, a principal cultural factor.
Tourist travel in western Norway experienced its great breakthrough with the regular scheduled steamship traffic.